Guidelines for the Plan


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Guidelines for the Essay Plan

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Module title: Theories and Principles in Education, Teaching and Learning

Assessment Point: Formative task

Assessment task: Plan for Essay

Word count limit: 500-700 words

Submission deadline: Please consult the VLE.

Submission procedure: Please submit via the submission link on the VLE.

This assessment DOES NOT carry any points.

General Guidance

Your Plan for Essay should be word processed (handwritten assignments are not accepted),

using Times New Roman, size 12, double spaced, with numbered pages and your student

number printed as a footer on every page.

The word limits stated for this assignment excludes the reference list at the end of the

assignment but includes all text in the main body of the assignment (including direct quotations,

in-text citations, footnotes, tables, diagrams and graphs).

The majority of references should come from primary sources (e.g., journal articles, conference

papers, reports, etc.) although you can also utilise area specific textbooks. You must ensure that

you use the Harvard style ofreferencing.

Please indicate the word count length at the end of your assignment.

Please note that you are required to submit an extended literature review project where you

will critically evaluate scholarly articles and books in order to answer specific research



Written assignment instructions:

A plan (please the template below) briefly mentioning the points that you will develop for
your final assessment in week 8. You will need to mention each basic point in a few
words (100-200 words) and provide the sources you will use to develop your points after
you conduct your research on the two topics. Make sure to conduct your literature search
for academic sources and then narrow them down to the ones that are useful for your essay
to back up your arguments with valid information.

The main objectives of your final assessment in week 8 that you will need to develop
further and base your plan on for this formative task are:
Part 1: A summary discussing the different learning theories and principles in teaching and
learning discussed in the course.
Part 2: A critical evaluation of how different learning theories and principles in teaching and
learning can influence curriculum design and assessment

Please remember that achievement and demonstration of both learning outcomes (1 and 3) is
being assessed in this assessment.


This is a task for you to prepare and conduct the pre-writing process

that will help you further with the writing process of your final assessment.

After you submit your plan your tutor will provide their feedback and you can

resubmit if necessary.

This task is NOT graded.

1. Introduction (rationale)

2. Main body (aims, objectives and arguments)

3. Conclusion (final thoughts and ideas)

4. References (Harvard style)

1. Title and Cover Page 2.

5. Reference List



Introductory statement

Thesis statement)

3. Main Body (First

Supporting Idea)

Topic sentence

Supporting evidence

(Second Supporting Idea)

Topic sentence

Supporting evidence

(Third Supporting Idea)

Topic sentence

Supporting evidence


General statement that brings a sense of closure


Title of section Further Explanation

Introduction and


Introduce what the assignments focus will be. Give some background

here on your first thoughts. Provide the context and the rationale of

your literature review and possible debates around this research area.

Aims, objectives and


Explain the aims and objectives of the study and plan your



Explain your search strategy (How did you go about this? Books?

Journals? Databases etc.?)

Perhaps use a table here and show, which databases (Emerald/Sage

etc.) you used and which journals come from where.

Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria of literature for the review (ensure

the validity and reliability of the research studies you included

in your review)

References Use the LJMU Harvard referencing guide.

Guidelines for the Essay Plan
This assessment DOES NOT carry any points.



writing 1
honestly thing that officers don’t care if they get a lawsuit coming their way because of the time they get off easy. Half of settlements paid by police departments to victims ofofficer misconduct cases should be deducted from police pension funds. In criminal cases, police officers are frequently acquitted However, civil suits that follow are usually a losing battle for police departments, forcing them to pay up and suffer public image damage. While financially punishing the police and undermining public trust is a reasonable response to misconduct, I believe it falls short of the mark. Many cases appear to be internally investigated, and, surprise, surprise, no wrongdoing is discovered. Most of the time, the officers are placed on paid administrative leave with no real consequences. Police have little financial motivation to control potentially disruptive coworkers. If they observe abuses or potentially problematic behavior, good police officers may report it because “it’s the right thing” to do or because the bad apples harm the profession. However, they are somewhat vague and unsatisfying justifications, particularly when faced with the ominous prospect of reporting a fellow police officer. Each and every police officer would have a financial incentive to proactively pick out bad apples if they had skin in the game. It might also encourage accountability in the culture rather than a blue wall of silence. It would involve both management and the workforce as a whole. Making police officers criminally responsible for their on-the-job conduct and refusing to pay for their legal defense are the two most effective ways to end police brutality. This, in my opinion, is the quickest approach to lessen instances of police violence. Just hold them equally accountable for their decisions to everyone else. There would be very few aggressive police officers left on the streets if they were required to cover their own legal costs and held to a higher standard of conduct.
The Abner Louima Torture Case:
Someone like Abner Louima could have been someone close to your father, brother, or uncle. What those police officers did to him was pure evil. Volpe was found quilty on theallegations. He received a 30-vear prison term without the possibility of parole on December 13, 1999. For aiding Volpe in attacking Louima in the restroom, Charles Schwarz was found guilty on June 27. 2000, and he was given a 15-year prison term. Indicted for attempting to cover up the assault were Bruder and Wiese Wiese and Bruder were found guilty on March 9, 2000, of conspiring to hinder a federal investigation into the assault on Louima. However, a federal appeals court overturned their convictions in February 2002 due to inadequate evidence. I found this fascinating because this is a rare case of cops being held accountable. Although the two other officers were acquitted of beating Louima in a patrol car and their convictions for obstruction of justice were eventually overturned. The investigation, accordina to some involved. was treated quite seriouslv. The 70th precinct’s management was reorganized by the NYPD brass. The FBI collaborated with Internal Affairs to conduct interviews with evervone present in the precinct house on August 9. 1997 after which the case was given to the U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Brooklyn. The supposed blue wall of silence started to fall when a few police officers approached. According to data provided by Professor Matthew Stinson at Bowling Green State University in Ohio, over 80 police officers and other local law enforcement officials have been detained since 2005 for killing someone in a shooting. 25 other people were found guilty of lesser offenses but only five were found quilty of murder. Can’t win them all hut I’m alad that people in the workplace wants to nut an end to police officers abusing their power.
writing 2
After researching the Abner Louima Torture Case, I was appalled. The acts and behavior of those New York police officers were heinous and distasteful. Abner
Louisa was brutalized, sexually assaulted, and beaten because Justin Volupe, one of the officers, assumed Louima punched him while trying to break up a fight that
erupted while he was leaving a club. Louima was then arrested and beaten, leaving him battered and bruised while being transported to the 70th precinct.
Unfortunately, the abuse didn’t stop there, Louima was then taken into a bathroom in the precinct where the beating persisted and Volume sodomized Louima with
a stick. As a result, Louima had to undergo three surgeries and was hospitalized for months. Not only did Louima face physical trauma but he endured trauma
mentally and emotionally. All of the officers involved faced several charges, including violation of civil rights, false testimonies, as well as obstruction of justice.
The outcome of the charges against the polices officers was Volupe being sentenced to 30 years in prison and Schwarz being sentenced to 15 years. As for the other
officers, they were acquitted. However, they were later convicted of lying to investigators while attempting to obstruct justice. They were sentenced to five years in
prison but were released on bond. The outcome of the civil lawsuit was Louima receiving an 8.75 million dollar settlement from the city of New York. I don’t agree
with the criminal lawsuits against police officers because I believe that all of them should have served a great amount of time. In my eyes, they are equally guilty.
All officers played a part in this attack whether it was participating in the beating and sexual assault, lying to investigators, or standing idly while these horrific
events took place. I wouldn’t say I necessarily agree with the civil lawsuit because I don’t think any amount of money can suppress the trauma Louima faced and
automatically result in his happiness. However, the money did help him in giving back to his native home and help him be a voice for the people to educate and be
resourceful. Ultimately, there appears to be a bright side to this unfortunate series of events.


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