Intro ethics Discuss W2 D1 Replies


Just write a reply to these two posts. Write in your own words. One paragraph for each post. Please differentiate which reply is which.50 words per reply. This is like a conversation. The first file is my discussion. And the second file is the reply post.

Reply A Aaliy

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First is intensity, I think the pleasure would be to be able to pay all the bills, have good benefits and having extra money to save up. The pain will be the full time job not leaving time to finish school. Having a full time job could last as long as I want as long as I am a good worker, or even if I decide to leave or maybe fired. Staying in school would mean a couple more semesters to finish the associate degree so maybe a little under a year. The only uncertainty with the job would be like I said being fired but I don’t find that likely if the boss is offering fulltime. College always has certainty as long as work is put in. Getting the degree is tangible as long as the right steps are taken. The job is very close and can be secured by a simple conversation by phone. The degree will take time to complete my guess a little under a year since it is half way done. Taking the job will bring similar pleasure by not worrying about finances while having extra money. In the long run taking the job might bring pain by feeling regret of not finishing the semester to graduate on the set course time. Staying in school and paying bills would stress me out. In the long run it is very rewarding to know I completed the degree. I would not take the job because it would only bring pleasure for a certain amount of time. Yes, it would be nice to pay all the bills and have money left to save but the pleasure does not out measure the pain it would bring to regret finishing school. When I do go through school it will be more rewarding when I finish school. The degree type wasn’t listed so I just assumed the degree type lead to a rewarding profession. Maybe in the end the job I’d take after finishing school paid way more than the full time position.

Reply B Christie

The Hedonistic Calculus consists of the following: Intensity-how intense will the pleasure or pain be? Duration-how long will it last? Certainty or uncertainty-how sure can we be that it will follow from our action? Propinquity or remoteness-How far away is it, in time and space? Fecundity-how big are the chances it will be followed by the opposite sensation? Extent-how many people will be affected by our decision? The first step is intensity. I believe you would find great pleasure in the fact that you would be able to pay all of your bills and save for a car. You would possibly have money to go out with friends and do the things you like to do. The duration of the job will be the length of time you want to work there. The certainty would be continuing to make money and the uncertainty would be possibly getting fired. How far is it in time and space? The answer is now with instant gratification. The chances this decision will be followed by the opposite sensation are very likely. It is possible that in order to move up in the company you would need a degree. If you do not take the job, it would affect you and your boss. I would not take the job. I was personally put in this position years ago. I was going to college full-time and working part-time at night. My, now, mother-in-law called and told me about the job I have now. I interviewed, was offered a decent starting salary, and took the job. I withdrew from my classes. I went to school on and off for a few years and then took a nineteen year break. When they started offering pay incentives for degree, I had a sinking, sick feeling that I should have continued going years ago. In the end, I decided it was time to go back to school. 1


Hedonic Calculus

Students Name

In this situation, there are two choices. The first one is declining the job and finishing my associate degree, while the second is not finishing my degree but getting a job with a good salary and insurance benefits, which will also allow me to save up for a car.
Hedonic calculus requires us to calculate the probable outcomes of our actions. According to this view, we must evaluate every aspect of the proposed consequences, including intensity, duration, certainty and uncertainty, remoteness, fecundity, and purity. The first aspect, intensity, measure how pleasurable or painful the decision will be. In this case, it might be painful to drop out of school, but eventually, it will bring more pleasure because I will be qualified to work in the field, unlike getting a job that will be pleasurable now but might be painful in the future. Secondly, duration looks at how long it will last. Unfortunately, taking the job is not guaranteed for the long term, but finishing the degree will give me long-standing job security. For example, what happens if I suddenly lose my job and do not have any degree to get me another one? Regarding certainty and uncertainty, the degree gives me certainty, while the job provides uncertainty since I do not have a secure future.
Remoteness looks into how far it is in space. The degree is longer in space since I would only be halfway into my degree, but the job is shorter in space. On the other hand, Fecundity looks at how great the chances are that it will be followed by similar pleasure or pain. The degree has a higher chance of bringing significant pleasure in the future, unlike the job that comes with uncertainty because I am not assured of job security. Its extent measures how many people the decision will affect. Dropping out of school will affect many people, including my parents, unlike taking the job. Overall, the decision to finish school gets six pleasures; unlike a job that has one pleasure, this is the best choice.


response database

refer to the attached document

(Naylene)When multiple transactions run concurrently, there becomes a high risk of inconsistency, such as data changing mid-use, updated data getting lost, rollbacks from errors, and more (Coronel & Morris, 2019). Anytime one or more transactions are attempting to write data at the same time, errors will occur.

This is where the scheduler is beneficial. What is a scheduler? The textbook states it “interleaves the execution of database operations in a specific sequence to ensure serializability” (Coronel & Morris, 2019). This ensures the transactions are being executed sequentially to ensure the data is accurate when accessed (Coronel & Morris, 2019). This is vital for serializability.

The great thing is that it does not apply to every transaction. For transactions that are done one by one or transactions that don’t interact, the scheduler doesn’t have to order them. In those circumstances, it just does first come, first serve (Coronel & Morris, 2019). When it’s needed, that’s when it applies serialization, so the data behaves as if the transactions were done in a serial order (Coronel & Morris, 2019). This is beneficial in ensuring the CPU and storage systems are managed efficiently (Coronel & Morris, 2019).

One of the most common methods of this is the locking method. When one user access it, it locks the data giving a single user permission to access it and only unlocks once the transaction is completed (Coronel & Morris, 2019). It’s actually what the patient management tool at my job does. Whenever someone opens a demographic chart to edit, the data locks onto them. If any other user attempts to access it at that time, they’ll receive an error that someone else is using it and will try again later.

Meanwhile, my previous company utilized an optimistic approach. Essentially it allows anyone or as many people to access the data at the time and make any changes they wanted all the way up to the validation stage (Coronel & Morris, 2019). At that time, it will report any errors or conflicts. The validation page will write the new data if it clears without error. If any error occurred, you were required to go back and fix the mistake or discard all changes entirely.


Coronel, C., & Morris, S. (2019).
Database systems: Design, implementation, and management(13th e). Cengage Learning.


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