Introduction to Criminal Justice


Policing in America
In this course, we have been learning about the different time periods of policing. Based on the current climate, there is a level of distrust today between the police and the public. Riots, marches, and protests in response to high-profile police shootings have eroded the relationships that were built through community policing. With the hopes of improving police efficiency and finding new approaches to working together with the public, we move into a new periodof policing. Using the Internet links provided this week and your textbook look at the different periods of policing up totoday. Based on the changing role and function of police officers over the years, address the questions below, ending with the current state of policing and how it is affected by technology. Use the Policing in America Template [DOCX] in which you will:

Examine different periods of policing and discuss their main strengths and weaknesses.
Identify the period of policing that you believe has had the greatest impact, and justify why you feel that is.
Explain how technology affects policing in today’s society, including both the pros and cons.

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Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course.

The specific course learning outcomeassociated with this assignment is:

Summarize the history and impact of key policing eras.

Policing in America
Police officers are the gatekeepers of criminal justice. They are the ones that initiate criminal proceedings against those accused of crimes and send them on their journey through the criminal justice system. Policing has evolved immensely over the centuries. Since the inception of policing in 1066, we have seen a transformation from ill-equipped, untrained, corrupt, and unsupervised watchmen to the highly trained and supervised police agencies we see today.

Question 1: Using Chapter 4, “Police in Society: History and Organization,” of your textbook, complete the table below.

History of the


Time Period

Overview of the

Time Period What Defined It

Strengths of

This Time Period

Weaknesses of

This Time Period

Key Developments

(list two per time period)


Policing initially began as villages protecting each other from thieves and marauders. This system was overseen by a constable, appointed by the local nobleman. This system expanded into the watch system that patrolled larger cities and towns. Watchmen patrolled at night to protect against robberies, burglaries, and fires. They reported to a constable making up a sort of primitive police agency.

Citizens were responsible for keeping their cities and villages safe. Giving citizens this responsibility made it tougher for criminals to commit a crime undetected.

While the people of the village were responsible for reporting crimes, there was no formal training involved and no oversight to ensure that those responsible for preventing crimes were not the same ones committing crimes.

1. Back then, counties were known as shires, and head law enforcement agents in a county were known as shire reves, which is where we get the modern-day term

2. In 1326, the Justice of the Peace was created and the role of law enforcement expanded beyond just reporting crimes. Justices then also served warrants, investigated crimes, and supervised the local watchmen.




(Community Policing period)

Question 2: Which ONE of the above time periods do you believe has had the greatest impact on policing, and why? Be sure to include your rationale.

Type answer here) –

Question 3: Social media and technology have greatly affected policing in the past ten years. Please review the links provided for this week on technology and policing along with Chapter 4 in your textbook as you prepare to discuss how technology affects policing in the 21st century.

How Technology Is Changing Law Enforcement.

Social Media’s Impact on Incidents Involving Police Use of Deadly Force.

How Cell Phone Video Impacts Police Work

The Benefits (and Limitations) of Body Camerason Police Officers [Video].

After watching the above videos, choose onecell phones, social media, or police body camsand explain how it affects policing in todays society. Describe the pros and cons and provide examples.
Type answer here) –

2021 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.
CRJ100 Template for Assignment (08/05/20201) Page 2 of 2




NRNP/PRAC 6665 & 6675 Comprehensive Focused SOAP Psychiatric Evaluation Template

Week (enter week #): (Enter assignment title)

Student Name

College of Nursing-PMHNP, Walden University

NRNP 6665: PMHNP Care Across the Lifespan I
Faculty Name

Assignment Due Date


CC (chief complaint):


Substance Current Use:

Medical History:

Current Medications:


Reproductive Hx:




Diagnostic results:


Mental Status Examination:

Diagnostic Impression:

Case Formulation and Treatment Plan:


2021 Walden University

Page 1 of 3 Assignment 2: Focused SOAP Note and Patient Case Presentation

Photo Credit: Pexels

Psychiatric notes are a way to reflect on your practicum experiences and connect the experiences to the learning you gain from your weekly Learning Resources. Focused SOAP notes, such as the ones required in this practicum course, are often used in clinical settings to document patient care.
For this Assignment, you will document information about a patient that you examined during the last 4 weeks, using the Focused SOAP Note Template provided. You will then use this note to develop and record a case presentation for this patient.
To Prepare
Review the Kaltura Media Uploader resource for help creating your self-recorded Kaltura video

Select an
adult patientthat you examined during the last 4 weeks who presented with a disorder
other than the disorder present in your Week 3 Case Presentation.

Create a Focused SOAP Note on this patient using the template provided in the Learning Resources. There is also a completed Focused SOAP Note Exemplar provided to serve as a guide to assignment expectations.


All SOAP notes must be signed, and each page must be initialed by your Preceptor.

Note:Electronic signatures are not accepted.

When you submit your note, you should include the complete focused SOAP note as a Word document and PDF/images of each page that is initialed and signed by your Preceptor.
You must submit your SOAP note using SafeAssign.

Note:If both files are not received by the due date, faculty will deduct points per the Walden Grading Policy.

Then, based on your SOAP note of this patient, develop a video case study presentation. Take time to practice your presentation before you record.
Include at least five scholarly resources to support your assessment, diagnosis, and treatment planning.
Ensure that you have the appropriate lighting and equipment to record the presentation.
The Assignment

Recordyourself presenting the complex case for your clinical patient.

Do not sit and read your written evaluation!The video portion of theassignment is a simulation to demonstrate your ability to succinctly and effectively present a complex case to a colleague for a case consultation. The written portion of this assignment is a simulation for you to demonstrate to the faculty your ability to document the complex case as you would in an electronic medical record. The written portion of the assignmentwill be used as a guide for faculty to review your video to determine if you are omitting pertinent information or including non-essential information during your case staffingconsultation video.

In your presentation:
Dress professionally and present yourself in a professional manner.
Display your photo ID at the start of the video when you introduce yourself.
Ensure that you do not include any information that violates the principles of HIPAA (i.e., dont use the patients name or any other identifying information).
Present the full complex case study. Include chief complaint; history of present illness; any pertinent past psychiatric, substance use, medical, social, family history; most recent mental status exam; current psychiatric diagnosis including differentials that were ruled out; and plan for treatment and management.
Report normal diagnostic results as the name of the test and normal (rather than specific value). Abnormal results should be reported as a specific value.
Be succinct in your presentation, and do not exceed 8 minutes. Specifically address the following for the patient, using your SOAP note as a guide:

Subjective:What details did the patient provide regarding their chief complaint and symptomology to derive your differential diagnosis? What is the duration and severity of their symptoms? How are their symptoms impacting their functioning in life?

Objective:What observations did you make during the psychiatric assessment?

Assessment:Discuss patient mental status examination results. What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses and why you chose them. List them from highest priority to lowest priority. What was your primary diagnosis, and why?Describe how your primary diagnosis aligns with
DSM-5diagnostic criteria and supported by the patients symptoms.

Plan:In your video, describeyour treatmentplan using clinical practice guidelines supported by evidence-based practice. Include a discussion on your chosen FDA-approved psychopharmacologic agents and include alternative treatmentsavailable and supported by valid research. All treatment choices must have a discussion of your rationale for the choice supported by valid research. What wereyourfollow-up plan and parameters? What referrals would you make or recommend as a result of this treatmentsession?

In your written plan include all the above as well asincludeone social determinant of health according to the HealthyPeople 2030 (you will need to research)as applied to this case in the realm of psychiatry and mental health. As a future advanced provider, what are onehealth promotion activity and one patient education consideration for this patient for improving health disparities and inequities in the realm of psychiatry and mental health? Demonstrate your critical thinking.

Reflection notes:What would you do differently with this patient if you could conduct the session over?If you are able to follow up with your patient, explain whether these interventions were successful and why or why not. If you were not able to conduct a follow up, discuss what your next intervention would be.

The video accurately and concisely presents the patient’s subjective complaint, history of present illness, medications, psychotherapy or previous psychiatric diagnosis, and pertinent histories and/or review of systems that would inform a differential diagnosis.

Physical exam documentation of systems pertinent to the chief complaint, HPI, and history

Diagnostic results, including any labs, imaging, or other assessments needed to develop the differential diagnoses

Discuss results of Assessment:

Results of the mental status examination

Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses in order of highest to lowest priority and explain why you chose them. What was your primary diagnosis and why? Describe how your primary diagnosis aligns with DSM-5 diagnostic criteria and is supported by the patients symptoms.

A treatment plan for the patient that addresses chosen FDA-approved psychopharmacologic agents and includes alternative treatments available and supported by valid research. The treatment plan includes rationales, a plan for follow-up parameters, and referrals. The discussion includes one social determinant of health according to the Healthy People 2030, one health promotion activity and one patient education consideration for this patient for improving health disparities and inequities in the realm of psychiatry and mental health.

Reflect on this case. Discuss what you learned and what you might do differently.

Focused SOAP Note documentation


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