MIS week 1


Please read all the instructions correctly
1. Be on time
2. Please read “Chapter one Case study” and answers the “week 1 Dq questions” 2 pages
3. For “PROJECT” 1 page


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Pick a company and look at ways in which technology can be used to increase the productivity of the company or alter the products or services they are providing to give them a distinct edge in the marketplace. Chapter One Case: Do You Trust Your Data?

Data is the new oil. Data drive fact-based decisions. As a manager, you are going to rely on data to drive your business decisions. Can you imagine making a critical business decision on bad data? Have you ever stopped to ask yourself if you trust your data? What will happen if you make a business decision on incorrect, inaccurate, or low-quality data? Obviously, chances are high that you will make the wrong decision, and that is the primary risk when using data to drive your decisions. Here are a few examples of organizations that fell into the trap of making important decisions on incorrect data.
1. Fidelity: A missing negative sign on a dividend report cost this financial company $2.6 billion.
2. Harvard: Two professors reached an incorrect conclusion with an average formula that failed to pull all the data.
3. London Olympics: An accidental typo of 20,000 instead of 10,000 caused the sale of 10,000 additional tickets for the synchronized swimming event.
4. MI5: The British intelligence agency accidentally bugged more than 1,000 wrong telephones based on a formatting error on a spreadsheet.
5. TransAlta: This Canadian power company made a simple cut-and-paste error for buying power at the wrong price, which cost it $24 million.
6. University of Toledo: A typo in a spreadsheet formula led to an overestimate of enrollment, overinflating revenue by $2.4 million. 3
There is a famous saying in the tech industry: Garbage in is garbage out (GIGO). I can be the greatest data analyst in my company, but if the data I am analyzing is wrong, then my analysis will be wrong. But many of us forget to ask about the quality of our data, and we respond too quickly and confidently. There is a common statistic stating that over 80 percent of spreadsheets have errors. Why are there so many errors in spreadsheets? It is simple. Spreadsheets are created by people and people make mistakes! It is important to remember that you should never assume that you have high-quality data. You should always do the upfront work to verify the quality of your data. This will require a great deal of work before you even begin your analysis but can pay off tremendously as you make decisions with greater confidence.
Bad data is costly. With data driving so many decisions in our lives, the cost of bad data truly impacts us all, whether we realize it. IBM estimates that bad data costs U.S. businesses over $3trillion yearly. Most people who deal with data realize that bad data can be extremely costly, but on page 22this number is truly stunning. Most businesses analyze customer data, but there is little chance of the business succeeding if the data is wrong.
Q.1 Why do you believe data can be inaccurate?
Q.2 What can a business do to ensure data is correct?
Explain how bad data will impact information, business intelligence, and knowledge.
Have you ever made a decision based on bad data? If so, be sure to share it with your peers and explain how you could have verified the data quality.
Argue for or against the following statement: It is better to make a business decision with bad data than with no data. Week 1 DQ

Business Driven Technology
9th Paige Baltzan 2020 McGraw Hill

Week 1: Case Study: Do You Trust Your Data?

Review the Case Study in
Chapter 1: Do You Trust Your Data?

After reviewing the case, answer the following questions. Be sure to use outside resources and your textbook to validate your responses.
1. Why do you believe that data can be inaccurate?
2. What can a business do to ensure data is correct?
3. Explain how bad data will impact information, business intelligence, and knowledge.
4. Have you ever made a decision based on bad data? If so, please share how you could have verified the data quality.
5. Argue for or against the following statement “It is better to make a business decision with bad data than with no data”.
This assignment should be written using APA format.


Homeland Security Case 3

Cover Page
Reference Page
Min 3 – 5 pages

Disaster Relationships

During a disaster, both formal and informal relationships are developed between government and non-government (NGOs).
Consider this timeline:

Federal resources may deploy in advance of the incident



Local First Responders Arrive on Scene and notify

2. Elected/Appointed Official– Activates local EOC and requests mutual aid & State assistance


Governor –Activates State EOC: Assesses damage +Requests EMAC or other interstate mutual aid + Requests Presidential declaration


FEMA Region Evaluates situation & Governors request. Recommends


FEMA Administrator Assesses situation & Governors request. He or She makes recommendation through DHS Secretary


President Declares emergency or major disaster


FEMA Administrator


Response Team and Other Resources



Joint Field Office Provides unified coordination of response resources

Diagram modified from the reading:
National Response Framework:
Overview of Stafford Act Support to States.

This overview illustrates actions Federal agencies are likely to take to assist State, tribal, and local governments that are affected by a major disaster or emergency. Key operational components that may be activated include the National Response Coordination Center (NRCC), Regional Response Coordination Center (RRCC), Joint Field Office (JFO), and Disaster Recovery Centers (DRCs).\

There are many federal agencies that serve a supporting role to disaster logistics. These include:
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense
Department of Energy
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of the Interior
Department of Labor
Department of Transportation
Department of Veterans Affairs
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Office of Personnel Management
List taken from the reading:
Emergency Support Function #7 Logistics Management and Resource Support Annex, p 1.

Depending on the disaster, there are also private and non-government (NGOs) entities that provide different types of support. This support at times serves as a critical resource for disaster operations, and at times overlaps existing support. See Required Website:
Disaster Relief Agencies.


Considering the diagram that illustrates action of Federal agencies, construct a table to match each step with the likely phase (preparedness, response and recovery). Justify your answers.

From the list of government agencies listed and NGOs in Mod 2 Case, add to the table to match with the most likely phase these organizations would be involved. Justify your answers.

Properly cite your quotations that you use to support your statements. Use in-text references as needed to support your points. Module 3 SLP 3 4

Disaster Management

Recently Widespread Disasters in the United States

Some of the widespread disasters in the United States include; wildfires, tornadoes, hurricanes, and winter storms. Wildfires have become a common occurrence in the United States. For instance, in the year 2021, wildfires began in the central and western parts of Kansas. The fire resulted in the death of two individuals and injuries to three other individuals. It is also prudent to note that the wildfires destroyed approximately 163,000 acres of wildlife and about 42 structures. The second form of widespread disaster in the United States is tornadoes (LeComte, 2019). The most recent tornado occurred on December 10th, 2021 in Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas. This disaster led to the deaths of approximately 90 individuals and injured many more. Hurricanes have also become one of the most widespread disasters in the United States due to the proximity of most states to water bodies. The most recent hurricane popularly known as hurricane Ida occurred and caused mass destruction along the gulf coast of Louisiana after which it moved north and led to the flooding of households. This hurricane led to the deaths of close to 115 individuals and serious destruction as well. The final widespread disaster in the United States is Winter storms. The most common winter storm occurred on February 13th, 2021. The worst hit state was Texas since it faced a power crisis due to the storms. The storms led to the deaths of 223 individuals.

An assessment of each disaster and how the Government responded to it


Assessment of the disasters

Management Failures

Management Successes



Wildfires occur often in the United States. The most recent one occurred in Kansas on December 15th

The management failure of wildfires is the inability of government agencies and NGOs to act on time.

The government spent close to 2.3 million dollars to mitigate the losses experienced by individuals.

The justification for the failures is close to 42 structures were lost while the successes are justifiable through the government’s input of 2.3 million dollars.


The most recent Tornado occurred on December 10th of 2021 in Kentucky which was badly hit by the tornado

The management failure can be described as the inability of the government to prevent the death of 90 individuals

The management’s success is the government’s input of approximately 3.9 billion dollars to facilitate loss mitigation.

The justification of the failures is the losses that occurred as a result of the tornadoes while the successes can be justified through the government’s input of 3.9billion dollars


The latest hurricane was referred to as hurricane Ida and it led to massive destruction of life and property, especially in the state of Louisiana

The management failure occurred as a result of the failure of state agencies to protect the lives of close to 115 individuals as well as their properties.

The management’s success is the governments response to the disaster through the use of 65.25 billion dollars and the provision of social support to the affected families.

The justification for the failures is the deaths of 115 individuals which were reported as a result of the hurricane while the justification for the successes is the resources used by the government to mitigate the losses.

Winter Storms

The latest winter storm to strike the United States was in February between the dates of the 13th to 17th.

The management failure occurred as a result of the death of 237 individuals which the country was unable to prevent.

The management’s success is the use of 196.5 billion dollars to mitigate the losses that occurred as a result of the storms.

The justification for the failures is the deaths and power crises that occurred as a result of the storms while the justification for the successes is the input of 196.5 billion dollars in mitigating the losses.

Lessons Learnt from the Disasters

Various lessons can be learned from the wildfires that have been prevalent in the United States. One of the lessons is that the United States has put in place measures to ensure that the fires are less destructive compared to the previous years. For instance, in 2017 and 2018, California experienced the largest wildfire. The second lesson that can be learned from the disaster of wildfire is that a quick response team can play critical in preventing such fires from causing massive destruction. This means that the states need to invest more in emergency services such as fire stations which will play a critical role in the suppression of such emergencies. The third lesson that can be learned from wildfires in the United States is that usually occur in areas that experience drought for most parts of the year. For instance, California experiences drought more than any other state hence the high levels of wildfires (Wibbenmeyer & McDarris 2021). The fourth lesson that can be learned from the wildfires leads to power losses which affect the economy of the country. It is therefore prudent for the government to come up with mechanisms that prevent power crises as was witnessed in the state of Texas. The final lesson that can be learned from the disaster of wildfires is that dry vegetation plays a critical role in enhancing the occurrence of such fires. Therefore, it is prudent for the government to come up with mechanisms that control the spread of dry vegetation.

Additional Actions that Could be taken by NGOs to Mitigate the Disasters

One of the actions that can be taken by NGOs in preventing wildfires is the sensitization of the public on the practices that they can take to minimize wildfires. This action will involve the use of the political class as well as the opinion shapers in ensuring that the citizens living close to forests do not engage in acts that instigate fires. The second action that can be taken by NGOs in mitigating the fires is the provision of foodstuffs and social amenities to individuals who have suffered losses as a result of the fires (Santos, Bento-Gonalves & Vieira 2021). NGOs can also establish centers next to the areas that experience wildfires to conduct counseling services to individuals who will have difficulties in healing from the fires. The rationale behind this is that the fires can cause trauma to the affected individuals hence there is a need to establish such centers. Finally, the NGOs can also educate the fire departments on the mechanisms they can apply to suppress wildfires to avoid massive destruction.


LeComte, D. (2019). US weather highlights 2018: Another historic hurricane and wildfire season.
72(3), 12-23. Available at

Santos, S., Bento-Gonalves, A., & Vieira, A. (2021). Research on Wildfires and Remote Sensing in the Last Three Decades: A Bibliometric Analysis. Forests 2021, 12, 604. Available at

Wibbenmeyer, M., & McDarris, A. (2021). Wildfires in the United States 101: Context and Consequences. Module 2 Case 2 2

Government and Private-Sector Entities and Logistics

Evaluation Criteria Development

Module 2 Case 2

Wilfredo Ortiz III
Trident University
29 September 2022

Disaster Support Agencies

Disaster logistics is an important function of government, involved in the planning and implementation of disaster relief. There are five notable departments that are involved in this activity: the department of transportation, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Department of health and human services, and the Department of interior (Drennan et al., 2020).
The Department of Defense plays an important role in disaster logistics by providing a means of sharing and coordinating military capabilities to support civilian agencies in a time of crisis. A key function of this department is to provide spare parts and supplies for the federal government, which can quickly become critical during natural disasters.
Department of health and human services of disaster logistics is responsible for the coordination, planning, support and funding of disaster readiness activities within the state to ensure the safety and well-being of all people in the event of a disaster.
The Department of interior is concerned about the logistics of disaster response. The Department of Interior are in charge of the relief and rescue efforts, the transportation and distribution of aid items, the provision of medical care and other forms of assistance to victims and survivors, planning for long-term recovery efforts.
The function of Department of transportation in disaster logistics is to improve the flow and coordination of goods in case of emergencies, by maintaining relationships with key partners such as local police, fire departments, public works and other public officials.
Department of personal management plays an important role in disaster management. In disasters, people are often in need of assistance and external support. Personal management disaster logistics helps people communicate with other individuals who are helping or have been affected by the same disaster that theyre trying to recover from.
These five of the most important private or non-government organizations (NGOs) entities that could be involved in disaster logistics is UNICEF, The Red Cross, The Salvation Army, World Vision and Water Aid. The church groups could play a role in the transporting of people who were not able to travel by vehicle after their homes were damaged. Also they could help people needing food and shelter while they are waiting for housing to be rebuilt. In addition they can help treat injured people as well as provide clean water for citizens with contaminated water supplies (Lassa et al., 2018).
UNICEFs core mandate is to reduce child mortality and improve child welfare, with a particular focus on girls and women. In some of the worlds most disaster-affected areas, they work with countries to build systems that allow children to access clean water, sanitation and hygiene education, with secondary goals being to increase their access to food and health services as well. The organization has also developed tools for disaster risk management including those that help communities monitor water levels and rice production for example.
The Red Cross is a humanitarian relief agency, renowned for its ability to respond to disasters around the world. The Red Cross facilitates disaster logistics, which includes establishing temporary shelters and providing food and water. Disaster management also falls under the portfolio of Red Cross. This service area offers essential services that assist communities impacted by natural disasters, such as rebuilding after a major earthquake or hurricane, or delivering relief supplies to victims of war or other violent occurrences
Salvation Army provides disaster relief and recovery logistics to help communities rebuild their lives. Through its disaster recovery efforts, Salvation Army remains in long-term partnership with emergency managers, government agencies and nonprofits on the ground to provide shelter, food, clothing and temporary accommodations for victims.
World Vision is a humanitarian organization dedicated to alleviating suffering and poverty in the developing world. The organization’s disaster logistics and disaster management programs are designed to mitigate the impact of natural disasters, minimize loss of human life and minimize damage, promote self-sufficiency through economic development and increase community resilience, helping communities recover from incidents such as floods, earthquakes and other hazards that threaten their survival.
The Water Aid role in disaster logistics and disaster management are both to provide information, tools and services regarding water security. The main activities these organizations engage in are: coordinating the transfer of water between different countries, helping countries achieve independence from foreign assistance through their own resources, providing training around the world on water issues such as water sampling, water source protection and protection against leakage.
The government and the private sector both play an important role in providing support to disaster logistics, but there are differences in their services. The private sector tends to focus its efforts on delivering commercial goods and services, while the government provides most of its efforts through emergency grants and financial aid programs. Private-sector entities are not only involved in providing goods and services to disaster areas, they also have a long history of providing early warning information to public safety entities. The private sector has also been recognized as playing an important role in preparing city residents for possible disasters and better assisting businesses with the needs of resuming their operations after a disaster ( Rajput et al., 2020).
Clearly, government and the private sector work together on all levels of disaster response, although each sector has its own specific role that fits into the overall effort to provide support to disaster logistics. The two entities also have different ways of measuring success. Private institutions often use metrics such as return on investment or customer satisfaction scores, while government agencies focus more heavily on speed-to-market logistics


Drennan, L., & Morrissey, L. (2020). Resilience policy in practiceSurveying the role of community based organisations in local disaster management. In Local Disaster Management (pp. 36-57). Routledge.
Lassa, J. A. (2018). Roles of non-government organizations in disaster risk reduction. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science.
Rajput, A. A., Li, Q., Zhang, C., & Mostafavi, A. (2020). Temporal network analysis of inter-organizational communications on social media during disasters: A study of Hurricane Harvey in Houston. International journal of disaster risk reduction, 46, 101622.h.


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