1) There is currently an epidemic of anxiety in this country. The Confucius approach would likely be to implement more education and more music into our society to rectify this disharmony. Seeing as anxiety represents the body or mind in a state of alarm- Confucianism would settle to find the source of this uneasiness and set it into harmony. However, a daoist solution might be to stop trying to cure the state of your being and instead allow it to just exist and listen to what these feelings are telling you. Representing this “creative letting-be” would be halting all attempts to mend disrepair and instead allowing the universe to play out as intended. “Repose, tranquility, stillness, inaction- there were the source of all things. Keep this in mind when coming forward to pacify a troubled world, and your merit shall be great and your name illustrious, and the empire united into one” (Perusal Conf.DaoismWWSelection). By pausing all intensive searches for the answer, the solution will find you be simply returning to the source. Both Confucianism and Daoism play deeply into the idea of looking to the past for the answer- and in this passage of Daoist theory, one can take note of the original “past,” as it were, of complete tranquility and of therefore, achieving a state of calm with acceptance of the natural order of things.
2) I do not agree that humans are like warped wood. It seems to me that humans are more neutral. We were not given intention upon birth beyond that of surviving and reproducing to further the species. It is vain for mankind to think we were endowed with a certain expectation and intention that differs from any other creature that has touched this earth. What is goodness? Whatever serves our species because we made it up. There is no divine moral final stop that tells us life is definitively sacred. Life is sacred because we say it is, probably because we are alive. “The world is sacred.It cant be improved (WW Ch. 4).” The Tao states that the real, eternal force is unchanging and that any attempts to shake it’s balance are ones made in vain. Humans are a lot like this; we have a set practice of our real needs and intentions and any attempt to shove them aside or just ignore them are unhelpful because they will simply just reemerge.
3) I have been most surprised by the influence of religion and religious practice in each society- some of them even involving human sacrifice which indicates such an attachment and connection to their beliefs. I’ve always been fascinated by religion and by people’s ability and willingness to follow a faith that lacks all reason, evidence, or logic. Of course, before such scientific revelations, it follows that early societies may be far more inclined to lean on a narrative providing an explanation for their observable surroundings. However, the extent to which each culture went about appraising its own belief system (often contrasting with the ones before or around it) truly brought me to ponder the draw of religion beyond simple explanation in place of tangible evidence. My conclusion has been that the social prevalence in these cultures is the true ‘religion.’ The warship is really that of the innate social bond tying us together and allowing our species to prevail. Humans are incredibly socially complex and interactive creatures and facing problems together has always been what’s forced us to use our combined strengths to solve issues- therefore, it tracks that we might create issues (for example: and angry god depriving the land of water) that require our combined ritual and social gathering to solve (for example: a sacrifice and ritual in which most of the society is present and partaking). However, religion was limiting in thought- which brings me to the Greeks whose democratic society allowed for a less secular culture which cultivated a larger diversity in ideas and explanations leading to scientific predictions and breakthroughs in philosophy. This transition shows the growth away from a crutch that had gotten us as far as it could in terms of explanation and now we were branching off in more modern and evidence based theories.

* Explain why you agree with this three points

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Health Behavior

In this unit, you will continue to research the health issue identified in the Unit I Assignment. As you carry on with your research, address the following:

What specific health behaviors have been documented in the target population that led to the health issue?
Analyze how the identified health behaviors are positively or negatively affected (or can be affected) by at least two levels of the socioecological model.

Your assignment should be at least three pages in length, not counting the title or reference pages. You must use at least two sources. Similar to the Unit I Assignment, state, city, and census websites are a good place to gather data and information. All sources used, including your textbook must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references and citations must be in APA style.


Prevalence of Diabetes in Columbus Georgia

Jasmine Fields
Columbia Southern University
Health Behavior PUH 5304
Dr. Williams
October 11, 2022

Prevalence of Diabetes in Columbus Georgia

At first glance, Columbus, Georgia, looks like one of the most beautiful cities in America. The city is blessed with amazing parks and trails, with the scenes made even more beautiful by the Chattahoochee River and its riverwalk. The city also has a lot of history, displayed in various sites such as the Columbus Museum. The region also has a diverse population, with an African American majority, followed closely by a Caucasian population. There are also other races living in the region, showing how diverse the community is.
However, under all this beauty lies a concerning statistic hurting many regional residents. There has been a rise in the number of cases of diabetes in the region, with some areas, such as Wynnton, having an estimated 24.6% of its residents diagnosed with diabetes (Huang et al., 2022). This rate places Wynnton at the 99th percentile for national prevalence. However, the most disturbing fact about this is that neighborhoods around Wynnton have significantly lower numbers of diabetes diagnoses, registering only 8% of reported diabetes cases. While this is still relatively high, it is nearly a third of the residents of Wynnton present.

Identifying the Target Population

To properly understand diabetes in Columbus, it is essential to understand the population breakdown in the area. Using Wyntonn as the sample, due to their large population afflicted by diabetes, the target population can be found by analyzing those affected by diabetes in Wynnton as a representation of Columbus. The population in Columbus is estimated to be 210 295 as of 2022, with 46.46% of the individuals in the region being African American, 42.47% being white, and other races closing the population (Huang et al., 2022). In Wynton, the population is generally black, with 64.1% of the residents in the region being African American, with Whites making up 27.4% of the population. Figure 1 presents the graphical representation of Wynnton residents in 2019 (City Data, 2022). The difference in racial makeup between Wynnton and the rest of Columbus and the high prevalence of diabetes shows that the target population for those affected by diabetes is primarily African American.

Figure 1: Racial Breakdown in Wynnton, Columbus.
The median household income in Wynnton is also significantly lower than in the rest of Columbus. While the median household income in Georgia is $61,980, the median household income in Wynnton is $39,628 (City Data, 2022). This shows that compared to other residents in Columbus, most of the population in Columbus is relatively poor. This presents another aspect of the target population. The population most affected by diabetes, using the residents of Wynnton as the sample, are likely to have a low median household income and to be African American (Data Commons, 2022).
There are more females than males in Wynnton. However, the difference between males and females is relatively small, and both genders are equally affected by the illness. Most of the residents in the region are between 10-36, showing that the population is relatively young. Figure 2 shows the age distribution of residents in Wynnton. The figure shows that the target population is between 15 and 50, as these are most of the population affected by diabetes (City Data, 2022).

Figure 2: Age distribution of residents in Wynnton
Wynnton also has one of the lowest education attainment rates in Columbus and Georgia. 28% of residents in Wynnton have less than a high school education, which is relatively high considering Georgia has less than 10% of its residents having less than a high school education (City Data, 2022). Figure 3 shows the educational attainment levels of residents in Wynnton and Georgia. It shows that the target population is also the ones who are less educated.

Relationship Between Diabetes and the Target Population

Education plays a significant impact in the prevalence of diabetes. Individuals who are more educated are more aware of the impacts of diabetes and are aware of the best ways to avoid it (Galicia-Garcia, 2020). This means that individuals who do not have a good education are more likely to have a higher chance of contracting the disease. Economic status also plays a role in the prevalence of diabetes. Those who are financially better off are more likely to purchase better-quality food, which is often healthier. Low-income families often rely on cheap food, which is often unhealthy and increases the likelihood of the person developing diabetes (Galicia-Garcia, 2020). Age is also a factor. As a person grows older, their metabolism slows down. This means that they cannot process food as they did, and if the person is not aware of this through education or cannot afford healthy food, they may develop diabetes if they continue to eat the same way.
Research shows that those with diabetes generally have relatively modest backgrounds, low education, and often range from 45 to above. In America, African Americans are often affected mainly by diabetes (Huang et al., 2022). This show that research corroborates what is happening in Wynnton and, by extension, in Columbus, Georgia. It shows a relationship between these factors and the prevalence of diabetes in the region.

City Data. (2022, January 1).
Wynnton neighborhood in Columbus, Georgia (GA), 31906 subdivision profile – real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets. Retrieved October 12, 2022, from

Data Commons. (2022).
Columbus – Place Explorer – Data Commons. Retrieved October 12, 2022, from

Galicia-Garcia, U., Benito-Vicente, A., Jebari, S., Larrea-Sebal, A., Siddiqi, H., Uribe, K. B., & Martn, C. (2020). Pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
International journal of molecular sciences,
21(17), 6275.

Huang, J., Yeung, A. M., Nguyen, K. T., Xu, N. Y., Preiser, J. C., Rushakoff, R. J., & Klonoff, D. C. (2022). Hospital Diabetes Meeting 2022.
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology,
16(5), 1309-1337.





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