Peer Response 2


1. Read and respond to your classmates, supplying at least one strategy teachers can use to combat unhealthy media messages in the early childhood setting.

The biggest way the media promotes buying unhealthy food is through ads aimed only for kids. Shown in the video from the prevention institute about unhealthy foods being advertised during children programing. The commercials shown are all about the fruity taste and how This cereal is only for kids. More specifically the Trix cereal commercials have the famous line Silly Rabbit Trixs are for kids. This is a unhealthy programming for children to see constantly that these unhealthy foods are for you which will make kids want these foods more and more.
The study done by the American Academy of Pediatrics about effects of advertising on the health of the children of American states that children who watch more TV are showed to consume more calories and eat fattier foods. The companies that make these commercials know this too. Fast food companies have spent 4.2 billion on advertising in all types of media. This shows that these companies are doing this on purpose.
Unfortunately, a major reason that parents would settle for fast food or junk food is that it is cheaper. We see most families that are in poverty tend to be more obese. Another reason is fast food and junk food has an easier access than healthy food. You see fast food places on every corner and in every small town or village. While healthier places are located in higher populated cities.
Long term studies have been done all across the world and all data shows that excess tv watching have mostly led to obesity in their later life. Some studies showed that a child having a tv in their bedroom will impact the risk of obesity.

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American Academy of Pediatrics. (2011). Policy statementchildren, adolescents, obesity, and the
128(1), 201208. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-1066

Prevention Institute. (2011, October 3).
Were not buying it: Stop junk food marketing to kids[Video file].

Retrieved from
When you cite these resources above in the text of your work, you cite them as
American Academy of Pediatrics (2011) and Prevention Institute (2011)


gov 7

How does our Constitution change?

As you learned in your text, a formal amendment can be approved by Congress and

ratified by the legislatures of 3/4 of the states. Sometimes, the meaning just evolves – as

the President’s role in war changed during the Cold War. The most common way, though,

is through judicial interpretation, especially by the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari (agreed to consider the case) in Griswold
v. Connecticut , a case challenging an old Connecticut law that made birth control illegal.

The court found that while nothing in the Constitution exactly said a state couldn’t have a

law like that, there is a right of privacy implied by the Third, Fourth and Ninth

Amendments, and that Connecticut’s law violated that implied right of privacy.

In 1973, the Court decided Roe v. Wade, a case challenging a Texas law making abortion

illegal except to save the life of the mother. They found the Texas law unconstitutional,

finding that the right to privacy they discovered in Griswold provided an individual right to

have an abortion, but recognized that the government had to balance its legitimate

interests in protecting the health of pregnant women and the potentiality of human life” –

going on to say different rules would apply to the first, second and third trimesters of a


A few months ago, the Supreme Court issued a landmark – and very controversial –

decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization overturning its decision in Roe v.
Wade and sparking praise and outrage from citizens on either side of the abortion debate.

Here’s the toughest part of the assignment you’re about to do: It’s not about your view on

abortion policy.

The question for this assignment is how the nation’s policy on abortion should be decided.

Conservatives and liberals tend to praise or vilify the Supreme Court depending on the

policy outcomes of the cases they decide, which – if the court’s doing its job – should have

nothing to do with their decision. The job of the Supreme Court is not to make policy. Its

job is to determine whether a law it’s reviewing violates the U.S. Constitution or not.

Within the framework of the Constitution, laws are supposed to be made by our elected

representatives in Congress – liberal, conservative or moderate as we elect them to be. If

we don’t like the laws they pass, we can replace them at the next election.

The problem with strict construction (interpreting the Constitution exactly as it’s written)

is that the Constitution is over 200 years old, and things have changed. The Fourth

Amendment says we have the right to be secure in our “papers” from unreasonable

searches. Can the court not reasonably assume they would have said something like

“communications” if they had known there was going to be email, text messages, etc.? And

what’s a “search” anyway? Does it mean something different in an age where the

government can use high-resolution satellite photography to tell what book you’re

reading in your back yard from outer space than it did in 1790 when a cop had to come in

your house and look around? Shouldn’t the court be able to interpret all that in the context

of modern society and technology?

On the other hand, if you allow the court to largely disregard what the Constitution says in

order get the policy outcomes it favors, you’re giving an awful lot of power to nine

unelected people with lifetime jobs. Loose construction is a great thing as long as the

people doing the constructing agree with you. It’s a problem when they don’t. As easily as

a loose construction court could find an unwritten right to have an abortion in the

Constitution, it could look at the Fourteenth Amendment right not to be deprived of your

life without “due process of law,” find that a fetus is a life, and declare all state laws

allowing abortion unconstitutional.

Read the Supreme Court opinion in Dobbs v. Jackson. Read the whole opinion as well as the

concurring opinions and the dissenting opinion. Write our usual 2 – 5 page essay

(double-spaced, normal margins, font no bigger than 12, etc.) (this one will probably take

you more than the 2-page minimum…) that tells your reader:

Some basic background on the abortion issue

How the Supreme Court majority ruled in Dobbs v. Jackson and why

What the dissenting opinion said – why they think the majority is wrong

If you were on the Supreme Court, how would you have ruled and why?

And finally: How should national policy on abortion be decided and who should

make those decisions? The courts? Formal constitutional amendment? The

Congress? The states? Explain your choice.

Again, this assignment is not about what the nation’s abortion policy should be. It’s about

how we as a nation should make that choice.

Additional Resources

Here’s a good summary of Dobbs v. Jackson:

Here’s the case::

Here’s background on Griswold v. Connecticut:

Here’s background on Roe v. Wade:


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