What is the clear and concise description of the Philosopher’s approach and meth

What is the clear and concise description of the Philosopher’s approach and meth

What is the clear and concise description of the Philosopher’s approach and method of inquiry?
In what way does the Philosopher offer ethical or sensible guidelines for determining which beliefs and actions are proper or practical?
What are the weaknesses and the strengths of the Philosopher’s methodology?
What are the textual references?